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Technical Data Sheet

AK6510

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Actin Phospho-Regulation
Antibody Sampler Kit
Price

$395

Kit Components
Applications: WB = Western blot, E = ELISA, ICC = Immunocytochemistry, IP = Immunoprecipitation, IHC = Immunohistochemistry Species: H = Human, R = Rat, M = Mouse, C = Chicken, F = Fish

Product References
AM2021 Dutta, P et al. (2014) J Neurochem. 130(3):360 WB: rat brain
AM2021 Muirhead, G et al. (2014) J Mol Neurosci. 53(1):125 WB: rat brain
AM2021 Pritchard, AJ et al. (2014) PLoS One. 9(6):e99444 WB: mouse splenocytes
RS3251 Kawasaki, H. et al. (2013) World J Gastroenter. 19(17):2629. WB, ICC: mouse intestinal myofibroblasts
MS3001 Estrada-Bernal, A. et al. (2011) J Neurooncol. 102:353. Western Blot
RS3251 Estrada-Bernal, A. et al. (2011) J Neurooncol. 102:353. Western Blot
AP1671 Vonach, C. et al. (2011) British J Cancer. 105:263. WB: human endothelial cells
Kit Summary
The actin phospho-regulation kit can be used to examine phosphorylation of Ty-53 compared to the total expression of actin. The kit includes rabbit polyconal and mouse monoclonal antibodies to detect total actin, and secondary reagents for rabbit polyclonal and mouse monoclonal antibody detection.
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Western blot analysis of mouse C2C12 cells untreated (lanes 1 & 3), or treated with pervanadate (1 mM) for 30 min (lanes 2 & 4). The blot was probed with anti-Actin (N-terminal) antibody (lanes 1 & 2) or anti-Actin (Tyr-53) antibody (lanes 3 & 4).

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Formalin fixed, citric acid treated parafin sections of E18 mouse skeletal muscle. Sections were probed with anti-Actin (AM2021) then anti-Mouse:HRP before detection using DAB. (Images provided by Carl Hobbs and Dr. Pat Doherty at King's College London).

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Background
Actin is a major cytoskeletal protein involved in diverse cellular functions including cell motility, adhesion, and morphology. Six different actin isoforms have been identified in vertebrates. There are four α isoforms: skeletal, cardiac, and two smooth muscle (enteric and aortic) actins, along with two cytoplasmic actins (β and γ). Actin exists in two principal forms, globular, monomeric (G) actin, and filamentous polymeric (F) actin. The assembly and disassembly of actin filaments, and also their organization into functional networks, is regulated by a variety of actin-binding proteins (ABPs). Phosphorylation may also be important for regulating actin assembly and interaction with ABPs. In Dictyostelium, phosphorylation of Tyr-53 occurs in response to cell stress and this phosphorylation may alter actin polymerization. In B cells, SHP-1 tyrosine dephosphorylation of actin leads to actin filament depolymerization following BCR stimulation.

Background References
Jungbluth, A. et al. (1995) FEBS Let. 375:87.
Baba, T. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 170: 3762.
Winder, S.J. et al. (2005) J. Cell Sci. 118:651.
Liu, X. et al. (2006) Proc Nat Acad Sci U S A. 103(37):13694.
Buffer and Storage
Mouse monoclonal and rabbit polyclonal antibodies are supplied in phosphate-buffered saline, 50% glycerol, 1 mg/ml BSA, and 0.05% sodium azide. The secondary reagents are supplied in the same buffer without azide. Store all at –20°C. Stable for 1 year.
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